History In The Headlines

Category: Early Humans

Samples from this thigh bone were used to reconstruct the genome of Ust’-Ishim man. (Credit: Bence Viola/ Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology)

Scientists Reconstruct 45,000-Year-Old Human Genome

Using material extracted from a fossilized thigh bone found in Siberia, scientists have reconstructed the genetic map of a man who lived some 45,000 years ago.

cave art closeup

Indonesian Cave Paintings May Be Among World’s Oldest Art

Paintings found on limestone cave walls in Indonesia may date back at least 40,000 years, as long as the earliest art found in caves in Western Europe.

Reproduction of a Neanderthal woman at the National Archaeological Museum in Madrid, Spain. (Credit: Cristina Arias/Cover/Getty Images)

New Study Suggests Neanderthals and Humans Co-Existed for Millennia

In a new study, researchers claim that Neanderthals and humans may have lived alongside each other in Europe for as many as 5,000 years.

Credit: Robert Cieri/University of Utah

Lower Testosterone May Have Civilized Humanity, Study Says

A new study argues that humanity’s development of tools, art and culture may have coincided with lower levels of testosterone and a more feminine skull shape.

cavity

New Research Drills Into History of Cavities

In two new studies, scientists analyzed teeth extracted from ancient skeletons in order to learn more about one of our most enduring health problems: cavities.

Body of Huldremose Woman

Uncovering the Mysteries of the Bog Bodies

Ongoing research on two 2,000-year-old corpses preserved in the peat bogs of Denmark reveals that they both traveled from elsewhere before their deaths.

Cranium of "Karabo," the Australopithecus sediba skeleton discovered in 2008. A. sediba had apelike arms and brains, but also modern human traits such as small teeth and longer legs.

Human Traits May Not Have Evolved All At Once, Scientists Say

After analyzing fossil evidence, a group of anthropologists now suggest that human evolution may have been even more complicated than we thought.

tuberculosi

When Early Humans Left Africa, Tuberculosis Traveled With Them

New research indicates that tuberculosis bacteria originated with early humans some 70,000 years ago, before they migrated from their African homeland.

Neanderthals and Rabbits

Did Rabbits Kill the Neanderthals?

Neanderthals’ fate was sealed when they passed on a rabbit-rich diet, according to new research.

HITH-Neanderthal

Did Neanderthals Die Out Much Earlier Than We Thought?

A new study has cast doubt on a popular theory that Homo sapiens and Neanderthals once co-existed in Europe.

Neanderthal DNA

We May Not Be Part Neanderthal After All

Common ancestry, rather than interbreeding, could account for genetic similarities between humans and Neanderthals.

Homo Genus Diversity

Multiple Lines of Early Humans Coexisted in Africa, Study Suggests

Our most direct ancestors weren’t alone 2 million years ago, newly discovered fossils from Kenya indicate.

Neanderthal Arms

Big Neanderthal Arms Caused by Making Clothes, Study Suggests

Scraping animal hides, not hunting with spears, may have produced Neanderthals’ humerus asymmetry.