History In The Headlines

Category: Neanderthals

Samples from this thigh bone were used to reconstruct the genome of Ust’-Ishim man. (Credit: Bence Viola/ Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology)

Scientists Reconstruct 45,000-Year-Old Human Genome

Using material extracted from a fossilized thigh bone found in Siberia, scientists have reconstructed the genetic map of a man who lived some 45,000 years ago.

Gorham's Cave, Gibraltar (Credit: Stewart Finlayson)

Neanderthals May Have Been Artists, Too

A new study claims that markings found etched into the wall of a cave in Gibraltar are the work of Neanderthals, the closest extinct relatives of early modern humans.

Reproduction of a Neanderthal woman at the National Archaeological Museum in Madrid, Spain. (Credit: Cristina Arias/Cover/Getty Images)

New Study Suggests Neanderthals and Humans Co-Existed for Millennia

In a new study, researchers claim that Neanderthals and humans may have lived alongside each other in Europe for as many as 5,000 years.

Xavier ROSSI-Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images

Neanderthals Likely Lived in Small, Isolated Groups, Scientists Say

An analysis of Neanderthal DNA suggests that populations of these close human relatives were small and isolated from one another.

Neanderthals and Rabbits

Did Rabbits Kill the Neanderthals?

Neanderthals’ fate was sealed when they passed on a rabbit-rich diet, according to new research.

HITH-Neanderthal

Did Neanderthals Die Out Much Earlier Than We Thought?

A new study has cast doubt on a popular theory that Homo sapiens and Neanderthals once co-existed in Europe.

HITH-Piltdown-replica

Piltdown Man Hoax, 100 Years Ago

On its 100th anniversary, mystery still lingers over one of history’s most spectacular scientific hoaxes.

Neanderthal DNA

We May Not Be Part Neanderthal After All

Common ancestry, rather than interbreeding, could account for genetic similarities between humans and Neanderthals.

Neanderthal Arms

Big Neanderthal Arms Caused by Making Clothes, Study Suggests

Scraping animal hides, not hunting with spears, may have produced Neanderthals’ humerus asymmetry.

Neanderthal Cave Art

Did Neanderthals Create World’s Oldest Cave Paintings?

Not only were Neanderthals smarter than experts once thought, they may have beat modern humans to cave art creation.

Neanderthal

Introducing Your Inner Neanderthal

As evidence grows that many people may be part Neanderthal, get the facts on humans’ newfound ancestors.