HISTORY Lists

Category: Ancient History

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7 Historical Treasures Discovered by Accident

From the Terra Cotta Army to the Dead Sea Scrolls, get the stories behind seven chanceencounters that led to the discovery of priceless historical relics.

Painting depicting Cao Cao before the battle

6 Ancient Naval Battles

Long before the invention of cannons and other modern weaponry, ancient navies often clashed in spectacular sea battles involving hundreds of vessels and thousands of sailors.

early robots and automatons

7 Early Robots and Automatons

From Leonardo Da Vinci’s android to a French-made artificial duck, learn more about seven early mechanical wonders.

oldest cities

6 Modern Capitals With Ancient Roots

An ancient city that manages to stay inhabited—and important—over thousands of years is a surprisingly rare occurrence. Here are six of the most fascinating examples.

Hannibal crossing the Alps (Credit: DeAgostini/Getty Images)

10 Famous Elephants From History

Whether revered as a divine symbol of luck and wisdom, used as unique tools of diplomacy between leaders, deployed to intimidate opposing armies or put on display in the service of status or science, elephants have loomed large in the historical record.

grand company

6 Legendary Mercenary Armies

Get the facts on six of history’s most infamous and influential private armies.

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6 Famous Places that Never Existed

From a fabled Christian empire in Asia to a supposed lost kingdom in Canada, find out more about six of the most influential lands that never were.

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8 Surprising Facts about Alexander the Great

It isn’t always possible to separate fact and fiction from the stories told about Alexander over the centuries, but here are eight great takeaways from Alexander’s life.

blood letting

7 Unusual Ancient Medical Techniques

Doctors are supposed to operate under the maxim “do no harm,” but history shows this has sometimes been easier said than done.

hl-griffin

6 Mythical Monsters

From birds of prey with fearsome strength to rooster-snake hybrids capable of killing with their eyes, find out more about six legendary beasts from history.

Dead Sea Scrolls

6 Things You May Not Know About the Dead Sea Scrolls

From their accidental discovery to their sale in the classifieds, find out more about the ancient collection of texts.

Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

5 Romances That Changed History

Love really can change the world—if you’re a member of one of these famous couples, that is.