Cold War: American Leaders Photo Gallery and related media
Cold War: American Leaders
George C. Marshall
General George Marshall oversaw the Allied victory in World War II before serving as both secretary of state and secretary of defense. He was instrumental in developing the "Marshall Plan," aimed at rebuilding postwar Europe, stabilizing the region and preventing the spread of communism.
Related Photo Galleries (10)
Cold War: American Leaders
Cold War: American Leaders(13 Photos)
From 1945 until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, U.S. presidents and politicians developed strategies to limit the spread of communism.
Space Race(13 Photos)
Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis(10 Photos)
In October 1962, Cold War tensions erupted when the United States and Soviet Union faced off during the Cuban Missile Crisis, bringing the world to the brink of nuclear war.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower(19 Photos)
See pictures from the life and presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman(19 Photos)
See pictures from the life and presidency of Harry S. Truman.
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy(20 Photos)
See pictures from the life and presidency of John F. Kennedy.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson(19 Photos)
See pictures from the life and presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson.
Richard Nixon(18 Photos)
See pictures from the life and presidency of Richard Nixon.
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President Kennedy's diplomatic resolve was tested as tension mounted at the Berlin wall.
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In a History Rewind video, a new housing development near Denver, Colorado displays the first model homes with built-in fallout shelters. The room is designed with an atomic war in mind, proving to be just what the harried house wife is looking for.
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On July 31, 1991, the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty was signed in Moscow by U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, committing each superpower to reducing nuclear arms by a third. In a press conference held at the Kremlin, President Bush discusses the economic cooperation implicit in the peace negotiations.
Ford's Address at the Helsinki Conference
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On August 1, 1975, at the Helsinki Accords, a major diplomatic agreement was signed by 35 nations, including the United States and the Soviet Union, in an attempt to secure peace between the eastern and western blocs. In a speech delivered at the Finland conference, President Gerald Ford promises to do his part for the good of all nations.
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President George H. W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev declared an end to the Cold War at the Malta Summit on December 3, 1989. At a joint press conference aboard the Soviet passenger liner Maxim Gorky in Marsaxlokk Harbor, President Bush speaks about his hopes for a cooperative U.S.-Soviet relationship.
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On June 8, 1982, in the first speech by an American president to a meeting of both houses of the British Parliament, President Ronald Reagan presents his hope for a future that would "leave Marxism-Leninism on the ash heap of history."
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On October 18, 1962, President Kennedy met with nine of his advisers to discuss what to do about the Soviet missiles that U.S. aerial surveillance discovered in Cuba on October 16. After the meeting, President Kennedy went to the White House Oval Office and recorded his recollections of the meeting.
Russia Has A-Bomb
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In the January 5, 1951, episode of Edward R. Murrow's Hear It Now radio broadcast, Atomic Energy Commissioner Gordon Deane fields questions from reporters about Russia's possession of the atomic bomb.
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On February 28, 1946, Secretary of State James Byrnes addresses the Overseas Press Club to discuss the purposes of the United Nations. In his speech, Byrnes makes an indirect reference to the Soviet Union when he declares that the United States is prepared to "act to prevent aggression."
What the Russian Atomic Bomb Means to America
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On October 12, 1949, two weeks after President Harry Truman announced that Russia had developed the atom bomb, Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, delivers a speech about the impact of this discovery on American policy.
U.S. and U.S.S.R. Tussle Over Germany
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Upon his return from commanding U.S. occupation forces in Germany, Gen. Lucius Clay holds a press conference on May 17, 1949, and fields questions about the growing tension between the United States and the Soviets over the division of Germany.
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