Australia-U.S. Timeline

Outback Hunters

Key Dates in Australian and U.S. History

60,000-40,000 B.C.: Humans first arrive in Australia.

15,000-10,000 B.C.: Humans first arrive in North America.

1609: The first permanent English colony in the Americas is established at Jamestown.

1770: Captain James Cook first discovers Australia and claims it for Great Britain.

1776: The U.S. Declaration of Independence is written.

1788: The “First Fleet” of British prisoners arrives in Australia, establishing a penal colony at New South Wales.

1789: The U.S. Constitution goes into effect.

1800-1900: Escaped convicts and free settlers known as “bushrangers” live off the land in parts of Australia.

1848: The California Gold Rush takes place, hastening the development of the United States’ west coast.

1851: A gold rush begins in Australia, leading to a large increase in the country’s population.

1865: The 13th Amendment is ratified, abolishing slavery in the United States.

1876: The United States celebrates the centennial of its independence.

1901: The Commonwealth of Australia is inaugurated.

1913: Canberra is named the capital of Australia.

1919: The 19th Amendment is ratified, giving women the right to vote in the United States.

1967: Australian Aborigines are given full constitutional rights and included in the census.

1969: The United States’ Apollo 11 mission lands the first man on the moon.

1984: Australians are no longer considered British subjects.

1984: “Advance Australia Fair” becomes Australia’s national anthem.

2008: The Australian federal government apologizes to Aboriginal people for the “Stolen Generations.”

2008: Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected president of the United States.

2010: Julia Gillard is sworn in as Australia’s prime minister, becoming the first female to hold the office.