Key Dates in Australian and U.S. History
60,000-40,000 B.C.: Humans first arrive in Australia.
15,000-10,000 B.C.: Humans first arrive in North America.
1609: The first permanent English colony in the Americas is established at Jamestown.
1770: Captain James Cook first discovers Australia and claims it for Great Britain.
1776: The U.S. Declaration of Independence is written.
1788: The “First Fleet” of British prisoners arrives in Australia, establishing a penal colony at New South Wales.
1789: The U.S. Constitution goes into effect.
1800-1900: Escaped convicts and free settlers known as “bushrangers” live off the land in parts of Australia.
1848: The California Gold Rush takes place, hastening the development of the United States’ west coast.
1851: A gold rush begins in Australia, leading to a large increase in the country’s population.
1865: The 13th Amendment is ratified, abolishing slavery in the United States.
1876: The United States celebrates the centennial of its independence.
1901: The Commonwealth of Australia is inaugurated.
1913: Canberra is named the capital of Australia.
1919: The 19th Amendment is ratified, giving women the right to vote in the United States.
1967: Australian Aborigines are given full constitutional rights and included in the census.
1969: The United States’ Apollo 11 mission lands the first man on the moon.
1984: Australians are no longer considered British subjects.
1984: “Advance Australia Fair” becomes Australia’s national anthem.
2008: The Australian federal government apologizes to Aboriginal people for the “Stolen Generations.”
2008: Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected president of the United States.
2010: Julia Gillard is sworn in as Australia’s prime minister, becoming the first female to hold the office.