A. Philip Randolph on Struggle for Racial Equality and related media

A. Philip Randolph on Struggle for Racial Equality

Born April 15, 1889, A. Philip Randolph was instrumental in leading the civil rights movement in America. In one of many speeches on racial justice, Randolph ponders the question of how to right past wrongs.

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Related Speeches & Audio (10)

  • A. Philip Randolph on Struggle for Racial Equality
    A. Philip Randolph on Struggle for Racial Equality

    Audio Clip (0:59)

    Born April 15, 1889, A. Philip Randolph was instrumental in leading the civil rights movement in America. In one of many speeches on racial justice, Randolph ponders the question of how to right past wrongs.

    Audio Clip (0:59)
  • Fannie Lou Hamer on Roots of Her Activism
    Fannie Lou Hamer on Roots of Her Activism

    Audio Clip (0:40)

    Fannie Lou Hamer, who worked as a field organizer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) to expand black voter registration, discusses her awakening to racial injustice.

    Audio Clip (0:40)
  • Stokely Carmichael on Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
    Stokely Carmichael on Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

    Audio Clip (2:42)

    On April 5, 1968, in a press conference held the day after the slaying of Martin Luther King Jr., civil rights activist Stokely Carmichael predicts the outbreak of more violence across the nation in retaliation for "white America's biggest mistake."

    Audio Clip (2:42)
  • Adam Clayton Powell Rallies Congregation
    Adam Clayton Powell Rallies Congregation

    Audio Clip (3:54)

    In a 1967 sermon, Adam Clayton Powell Jr., pastor and congressman from Harlem, New York City, reaches out to the downtrodden and depressed with his "keep the faith, baby" slogan.

    Audio Clip (3:54)
  • Nelson Mandela Gathers Support to Abolish Apartheid
    Nelson Mandela Gathers Support to Abolish Apartheid

    Audio Clip (2:03)

    After being held for 27 years as a political prisoner, the newly freed Nelson Mandela stands before the United Nations on June 22, 1990. As deputy president of the African National Congress, Mandela delivers a speech to the Special Committee Against Apartheid and calls for continued economic sanctions against South Africa to help force an end to segregation.

    Audio Clip (2:03)
  • Tutu Speaks Out Against Apartheid
    Tutu Speaks Out Against Apartheid

    Audio Clip (1:54)

    In an October 28, 1985, address to the United Nations Special Political Committee, Bishop Desmond Tutu calls for the immediate dismantling of apartheid.

    Audio Clip (1:54)
  • Harry Belafonte Rates "I Have a Dream" Speech
    Harry Belafonte Rates "I Have a Dream" Speech

    Audio Clip (0:27)

    According to Belafonte, Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech ranks as one of the most important speeches in American political history.

    Audio Clip (0:27)
  • Eisenhower Intervenes in Little Rock Crisis
    Eisenhower Intervenes in Little Rock Crisis

    Audio Clip (2:10)

    President Dwight D. Eisenhower is forced to take action when nine African-American students are prevented from entering Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. In a broadcast to the nation on September 24, 1957, the president explains his decision to order Federal troops to Little Rock to ensure that the students are allowed access to the school, as mandated by the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education.

    Audio Clip (2:10)
  • Eleanor Roosevelt Commemorates World Children's Day
    Eleanor Roosevelt Commemorates World Children's Day

    Audio Clip (0:58)

    "First Lady of the World" Eleanor Roosevelt reads a statement regarding child welfare in honor of World Children’s Day, which was first celebrated one year earlier on October 4, 1953.

    Audio Clip (0:58)
  • Brown v. Board of Education Ruling
    Brown v. Board of Education Ruling

    Audio Clip (1:02)

    On May 17, 1954, U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous ruling against the "separate but equal" mandate and demanded desegregation of schools. Outside the courtroom, the attorneys who argued the Brown v. Board of Education case, James Nabrit Jr., Thurgood Marshall and George Hayes, give a press conference.

    Audio Clip (1:02)

Related Videos (10)

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    Video Clip (16:15)

    We are unable to offer the full ''I Have a Dream'' speech, the rights to which are controlled by the Estate of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

    To view a full transcript of this and other speeches of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., visit The Kings Papers Project Web site.

    Video Clip (16:15)
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    Video Clip (1:39)

    On Ask Steve, the efforts of Martin Luther King Jr. and his assassination was discussed. His connection with the White House was cut off my President Lyndon Johnson because of his lack of support for the Vietnam War. He then went to Memphis.

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    Origins of Black History Month

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  • Jesse Jackson: Impact of MLK's Death
    Jesse Jackson: Impact of MLK's Death

    Video Clip (1:39)

    "...All that I really knew to do at the time was to call upon my own analytic instincts. When a major player is hurt, you can't forfeit the game. You have to toughen up and buckle up, take a deep breath, and keep playing even in that player's name. You have to continue..."

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    Jesse Jackson: MLK's Agony

    Video Clip (2:31)

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    Condoleezza Rice: Memories of Dr. King

    Video Clip (1:43)

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    Video Clip (1:43)
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    Video Clip (1:26)

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Related Photo Galleries (2)

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    See pictures from the life of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

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    In 1957 nine black students enrolled at the formerly all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.

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