April 12

This Day in History

Also on This Day

Lead Story
The Civil War begins, 1861
American Revolution
British repeal hated Townshend Act, 1770
Automotive
Founder of classic British sports car company is born, 1888
Civil War
Fort Sumter fired upon, 1861
Cold War
President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies, 1945
Crime
Galileo is convicted of heresy, 1633
Disaster
Fire threatens Massachusetts oil refineries, 1908
General Interest
The Fort Pillow Massacre, 1864
President Roosevelt dies, 1945
First man in space, 1961
First launching of the space shuttle, 1981
Hollywood
First movie “palace” opens, 1914
Literary
Legal thriller writer Scott Turow is born, 1949
Music
Bill Haley and the Comets record "Rock Around The Clock", 1954
Old West
First gentile governor arrives in Utah, 1858
Presidential
FDR dies, 1945
Sports
Lawrence Taylor drafted by NY Giants, 1981
Vietnam War
Rostow recommends escalation of effort, 1961
U.S. Embassy in Cambodia evacuated, 1975
World War I
Canadians capture Vimy Ridge, 1917
World War II
Roosevelt dies, 1945

Music

Apr 12, 1954:

Bill Haley and the Comets record "Rock Around The Clock"

On April 12, 1954— Bill Haley and the Comets recorded "(We're Gonna) Rock Around The Clock." If rock and roll was a social and cultural revolution, then "(We're Gonna) Rock Around The Clock" was its Declaration of Independence. And if Bill Haley was not exactly the revolution's Thomas Jefferson, it may be fair to call him its John Hancock.

Bill Haley put his enormous signature on rock and roll history during the final 40 minutes of a three-hour recording session in New York City—a session set up not for the recording of "(We're Gonna) Rock Around The Clock," but of a song called "Thirteen Women (and Only One Man in Town)." It took the group nearly all of their scheduled session to get a useable take of "Thirteen Women," a song that was entirely new to them but was chosen as the A-side of their upcoming single by their new record label, Decca. With time running out and no chance of extending the session, Haley and his Comets were eager to lay down the song they'd been playing live for many months to enthusiastic audience response. The lead guitarist brought in for the session, Danny Cedrone, had not had time to work up a new solo for the instrumental break on "(We're Gonna) Rock Around The Clock," so he repurposed one he'd used on a Haley recording two years earlier called "Rock This Joint." Cedrone was paid $31 for his work that evening, which included performing what is still recognized as one of the greatest guitar solos of all time.

Haley and the band had time for only two takes, and in the first, they played so loud that Haley's vocals were almost inaudible on tape. In an era before multi-track recording, the only solution was to do a second take with minimal accompaniment and hope for the best. Later, a Decca engineer painstakingly spliced together segments from both takes—a near-miracle given the technology of 1954. The finished version was judged good enough to include as the B-side on "Thirteen Women," which was released in May 1954.

The single sold a respectable but underwhelming 75,000 copies in the coming months, and was destined to be forgotten until a 10-year-old kid in Los Angeles flipped "Thirteen Women" and fell in love with the now-famous B-side. That kid, Peter Ford, happened to be the son of actor Glenn Ford, who was slated to star in the upcoming teenage-delinquency drama Blackboard Jungle. Peter turned his father on to "(We're Gonna) Rock Around The Clock," and soon enough, the song was chosen to play over the opening credits of Blackboard Jungle, which is how it became a pop sensation, selling a million copies in a single month in the spring of 1955.

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