July 1

This Day in History

Also on This Day

Lead Story
Hong Kong returned to China, 1997
American Revolution
Congress resolves to forge Indian alliances, 1775
Automotive
Last Ford Thunderbird produced, 2005
Civil War
The Battle of Gettysburg begins, 1863
Cold War
"Mr. X" article appears in Foreign Affairs, 1947
Crime
Kobe Bryant accuser goes to police, 2003
Disaster
Two planes collide over Germany, 2002
General Interest
Canadian Independence Day, 1867
The Battle of San Juan Hill, 1898
Battle of the Somme begins, 1916
Hollywood
PG-13 rating debuts, 1984
Literary
George Sand is born, 1804
Music
The first Sony Walkman goes on sale, 1979
Old West
Gunfighter Clay Allison killed, 1887
Presidential
Dwight D. Eisenhower marries "his Mamie", 1916
Sports
Feller hurls third no-hitter, 1951
Vietnam War
Ball recommends compromise in Vietnam, 1965
Bombing of North Vietnam continues, 1966
World War II
The Battle of El Alamein begins, 1942

American Revolution

Jul 1, 1775:

Congress resolves to forge Indian alliances

On this day in 1775, the Continental Congress resolves to recruit Indian nations to the American side in their dispute with the British, should the British take native allies of their own. The motion read: “That in case any Agent of the ministry, shall induce the Indian tribes, or any of them to commit actual hostilities against these colonies, or to enter into an offensive Alliance with the British troops, thereupon the colonies ought to avail themselves of an Alliance with such Indian Nations as will enter into the same, to oppose such British troops and their Indian Allies.”

Few “such Indians Nations” saw any advantage to joining the Patriot cause. Rather, they saw Great Britain as their last defense against the encroaching land-hungry European settlers into their ancestral territory. Racist settlers managed to undermine any residual trust remaining in the Native American population during the revolution by committing atrocities such as the massacre of neutral, Christian Indian women and children at prayer in Gnaddenhutten, Pennsylvania, in 1778. In another example, a Continental officer undermined his own cause with the murder of Cornplanter, a Shawnee leader and Patriot ally, in 1777.

At the close of the War for Independence, the Patriots’ few Indian allies received worse treatment at the hands of their supposed allies than natives who had sided with Britain. Having promised Continental soldiers land in return for their service, Congress seized land from its Indian allies in order to cede it to officers on the verge of mutiny in 1783.

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