October 02, 1836 : Darwin returns to England

Introduction

The British naturalist Charles Darwin returns to Falmouth, England, aboard the HMS Beagle, ending a five-year surveying expedition of the southern Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Visiting such diverse places as Brazil, the Galapagos Islands, and New Zealand, Darwin acquired an intimate knowledge of the flora, fauna, and geology of many lands. This information proved invaluable in the development of his theory of evolution, first put forth in his groundbreaking scientific work of 1859, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.

Darwin’s theory argued that organisms gradually evolve through a process he called “natural selection.” In natural selection, organisms with genetic variations that suit their environment tend to propagate more descendants than organisms of the same species that lack the variation, thus influencing the overall genetic makeup of the species. His Origin of Species, the first significant work on the theory of evolution, was greeted with great interest in the scientific world but was attacked by religious leaders for its contradiction of the biblical account of creation.

Article Details:

October 02, 1836 : Darwin returns to England

  • Author

    History.com Staff

  • Website Name

    History.com

  • Year Published

    2010

  • Title

    October 02, 1836 : Darwin returns to England

  • URL

    http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/darwin-returns-to-england

  • Access Date

    December 14, 2017

  • Publisher

    A+E Networks