January 19

This Day in History

World War I

Jan 19, 1915:

First air raid on Britain

During World War I, Britain suffers its first casualties from an air attack when two German zeppelins drop bombs on Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn on the eastern coast of England.

The zeppelin, a motor-driven rigid airship, was developed by German inventor Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin in 1900. Although a French inventor had built a power-driven airship several decades before, the zeppelin's rigid dirigible, with its steel framework, was by far the largest airship ever constructed. However, in the case of the zeppelin, size was exchanged for safety, as the heavy steel-framed airships were vulnerable to explosion because they had to be lifted by highly flammable hydrogen gas instead of non-flammable helium gas.

In January 1915, Germany employed three zeppelins, the L.3, the L.4, and the L.6, in a two-day bombing mission against Britain. The L.6 turned back after encountering mechanical problems, but the other two zeppelins succeeded in dropping their bombs on English coastal towns.

Fact Check We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!

What Happened on Your Birthday?

Pick a Date

Shop HISTORY

  • WWII in HD DVD Set

    WWII in HD DVD Set

    The only people to see the war like this were the ones who lived it. Until now… Own this best-selling series today!

  • Battle of Britain DVD

    Battle of Britain DVD

    Surprising new facts are uncovered in this fresh reconsideration of the first major battle to be fought entirely in the air.

  • WWII in HD DVD SET

    WWII in HD DVD SET

    The only people to see the war like this were the ones who lived it. Until now…