September 15, 1794 : James Madison marries Dolley Payne Todd

Introduction

On this day in 1794, future President James Madison marries Dolley Payne Todd, a vivacious widow who went on to embrace the role of first lady and White House hostess.

While Madison was serving as vice president from 1801 to 1809, Dolley assumed the role of White House hostess for the widower president, Thomas Jefferson. While Madison was president in 1814, during the War of 1812 with the British, Dolley was left behind in the White House while her husband went into the field. As British troops marched on Washington, Dolley famously took down an enormous portrait of George Washington and smuggled it out of the city to keep it from falling into the hands of the enemy.

In terms of personality and style, the couple was a study in contrasts. The 5′ 4″ intellectual Madison was shy and sickly-looking; he paled in comparison to his robust, voluptuous and lively wife. Dolley was described as having all the social graces and zest for life that her husband lacked. The couple was devoted to each other and, after his retirement from the presidency, she helped him organize and prepare his presidential papers for publication.

Following Madison’s death in 1836, Dolley was forced to pay debts incurred by their financially reckless son and was left penniless. Her financial distress was relieved when Congress purchased Madison’s papers from her. Congress also gave the enormously popular and influential former first lady an honorary seat in Congress, from which she frequently viewed sessions. She passed away in Washington, D.C. in 1849 at the age of 81.

Article Details:

September 15, 1794 : James Madison marries Dolley Payne Todd

  • Author

    History.com Staff

  • Website Name

    History.com

  • Year Published

    2009

  • Title

    September 15, 1794 : James Madison marries Dolley Payne Todd

  • URL

    http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/james-madison-marries-dolley-payne-todd

  • Access Date

    October 23, 2017

  • Publisher

    A+E Networks