February 11

This Day in History

Civil War

Feb 11, 1861:

President-elect Lincoln leaves Springfield

On this day in 1861, President-elect Abraham Lincoln leaves home in Springfield, Illinois, and embarks on his journey to Washington, D.C.

On a cold, rainy morning, Lincoln boarded a two-car private train loaded with his family's belongings, which he himself had packed and bound. Hiw wife, Mary Lincoln, was in St. Louis on a shopping trip, and joined him later in Indiana. It was a somber occasion. Lincoln was leaving his home and heading into the maw of national crisis. Since he had been elected, seven Southern states had seceded from the Union. Lincoln knew that his actions upon entering office would likely lead to civil war. He spoke to a crowd before departing: "Here I have lived a quarter of a century, and have passed from a young man to an old man. Here my children have been born, and one is buried. I now leave, not knowing when, or whether ever, I may return, with a task before me greater than that which rested upon Washington. Without the assistance of that Divine Being... I cannot succeed. With that assistance, I cannot fail... To His care commending you, as I hope in your prayers you will commend me, I bid you an affectionate farewell."

A bystander reported that the president-elect's "breast heaved with emotion and he could scarcely command his feelings." Indeed, Lincoln's words were prophetic—a funeral train carried him back to Springfield just over four years later.

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This Week in History, Feb 11 - Feb 17

Feb 11, 1861
Lincoln leaves Springfield
Feb 12, 1828
Robert Ransom is born
Feb 13, 1831
John Rawlins born
Feb 14, 1864
Sherman enters Meridian, Mississippi
Feb 15, 1835
Alexander Stewart Webb born
Feb 16, 1862
Capture of Fort Donelson
Feb 17, 1865
Sherman sacks Columbia, South Carolina

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