Publish date:
Updated on

Raymond Carver quits drinking

On this day in 1977, Raymond Carver quits drinking after being hospitalized four times in 1976.

Carver, the son of an Oregon sawmill worker and a waitress, had recently established his reputation as a powerful short story writer with his story collection Will You Please Be Quiet Please? (1976). Born in 1938, Carver grew up in Yakima, Washington. He married a year after high school graduation and worked menial jobs to support himself and his family. A creative writing class inspired him, and he went to study writing at Humboldt State College in Arcata, California. He later studied at the prestigious Iowa Writer’s Workshop. In 1967, his first short story was published, and his first collection, Put Yourself in My Shoes, was published in 1974.

Carver and his wife divorced in 1982, and Carver began a relationship with poet Tess Gallagher that lasted until his death. He won a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1979 and two grants from the National Endowment for the Arts. He taught writing at the University of California at Santa Cruz, the Iowa Writer’s Workshop, the University of Texas, and elsewhere until 1983, when he won an award granting him a $35,000-a-year salary for five years. He continued to win honors and awards for his short story collections, including What We Talk About When We Talk About Love (1981) and Where I’m Calling From (1988). He died of cancer on August 2, 1988.

FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!


The Indian Citizenship Act

With Congress’ passage of the Indian Citizenship Act, the government of the United States confers citizenship on all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the country. Before the Civil War, citizenship was often limited to Native Americans of one-half or less more

Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

On June 2, 1953, Queen Elizabeth II is formally crowned monarch of the United Kingdom in a lavish ceremony steeped in traditions that date back a millennium. A thousand dignitaries and guests attended the coronation at London’s Westminster Abbey, and hundreds of millions listened more

American Civil War ends

In an event that is generally regarded as marking the end of the Civil War, Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi, signs the surrender terms offered by Union negotiators. With Smith’s surrender, the last Confederate army more

Babe Ruth retires

On this day in 1935, Babe Ruth, one of the greatest players in the history of baseball, ends his Major League playing career after 22 seasons, 10 World Series and 714 home runs. The following year, Ruth, a larger-than-life figure whose name became synonymous with baseball, was more

English football clubs banned from Europe

On June 2, 1985, the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) bans English football (soccer) clubs from competing in Europe. The ban followed the death of 39 Italian and Belgian football fans at Brussels’ Heysel Stadium in a riot caused by English football hooligans at that more

Coolidge signs Indian Citizen Act

On this day in 1924, President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizen Act, granting automatic American citizenship to Native Americans born in the United States. The law attempted to finalize Indian assimilation into white culture while permitting Indians to retain some of more