On January 21, 1950, in the conclusion to one of the most spectacular trials in U.S. history, former State Department official Alger Hiss was convicted of perjury. He was convicted of having perjured himself in regards to testimony about his alleged involvement in a Soviet spy ring before and during World War II. Hiss served nearly four years in jail, but steadfastly protested his innocence during and after his incarceration.
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In Moscow, Soviet officials arrest four dissidents and prevent at least 20 others from attending a peaceful protest against communist political oppression…
Communist dictator Joseph Stalin led the Soviet Union to victory in World War II and employed brutal tactics that resulted in the deaths of millions.
Growing out of the Cold War of the late 1940s and 1950s, the Red Scare resulted in a wide-ranging effort to investigate and eliminate communist influence in the United States.
Over the past century, the arms race metaphor has assumed a prominent place in public discussion of military affairs.
On May 1, 1960, an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union, deepening the Cold War antagonism between the two superpowers.
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Classroom companion for the new HISTORY series Vietnam in HD.