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The United States conducts the first airborne test of an improved hydrogen bomb, dropping it from a plane over the tiny island of Namu in the Bikini Atoll…
Discontent, rebellion and social change defined the 1960s in the United States, shaking the country to its core.
Growing out of the Cold War of the late 1940s and 1950s, the Red Scare resulted in a wide-ranging effort to investigate and eliminate communist influence in the United States.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were a husband and wife executed in 1953 for allegedly providing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union at the height of the Cold War.
J. Edgar Hoover was direct of the Federal Bureau of Investigations from 1924 until his death in 1972.
The Army-McCarthy hearings dominated national television from April to June 1954. A subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Government Operations was seeking to learn whether Senator Joseph R. McCarthy had used improper influence to win preferential treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former member of the senator's staff who had been drafted. McCarthy countercharged that the army was trying to derail his embarrassing investigations of army security practices through blackmail and intimidation.
The congressional hearings were among the first to be televised, and they captured national attention because of McCarthy's notoriety. The camera made clear his methods and manner, greatly weakening his popular support and leading to his censure by the Senate on December 2, 1954.
The word McCarthyism has become synonymous with the practice of publicizing accusations of treason and disloyalty with insufficient evidence.
The Reader's Companion to American History. Eric Foner and John A. Garraty, Editors. Copyright © 1991 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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