On August 22, 1485, King Richard III was defeated and killed by Henry Tudor, the earl of Richmond, in the the Battle of Bosworth Field. The fighting was the last major battle of the War of the Roses. After the battle, Henry Tudor was crowned King Henry VII, beginning the rule of the house of Tudor over England. The dynasty would last until Queen Elizabeth's death in 1603.
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The siege constitutes the natural corollary of fortifications, and until the advent of aerial bombardment a fortified location could be compelled to surrender in war only by employing one of four strategies.
The end to the siege of the French city of Orleans became the military turning point of the Hundred Years' War between France and England.
British Field Marshal and Commander in Chief of the British Expeditionary Force
One of the worldâ€™s most well-known privateers, Francis Drake became the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and was personally knighted by Queen Elizabeth I.
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Classroom companion for the new HISTORY series Vietnam in HD.