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Despite protests in Washington concerning Soviet human rights abuses, most Americans get swept up in "Gorbymania" as Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev…
Sojourner Truth was a prominent abolitionist and women's rights activist whose legacy of feminism and racial equality still resonates today.
Unlike the optimistic 1960s, the 1970s were defined by conflict and frustration.
Nathanial "Nat" Turner was a black American bondsman who led the only effective, sustained slave rebellion (August 1831) in U.S. history.
During the Salem witch trials of 1692-93, 19 people were hanged and many others imprisoned after being accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts.
The John Birch Society, an organization of the radical Right, was established in Indianapolis in 1958 to combat what was perceived to be the infiltration of communism into American life. Its founder, Robert H. W. Welch, a Massachusetts businessman, named the society after a Baptist missionary who had been killed by Chinese Communists in 1945. Starting with only eleven members, the John Birch Society grew rapidly, drawing considerable support from rich conservatives; by the early 1960s it had an estimated annual income of $5 million and a membership of 60,000 to 100,000. John Birchers placed their principal emphasis on the extent to which communism had established control over the U.S. government; among those they accused of being 'dedicated, conscious agents of the Communist conspiracy' were President Dwight D. Eisenhower, cia director Allen Dulles, and Chief Justice Earl Warren. The society has produced an extensive list of publications, offered cash prizes for college essays on topics like the impeachment of Warren, and maintained that the United States must become as conspiratorial as the communists in order to combat their subversion of American society.
The Reader's Companion to American History. Eric Foner and John A. Garraty, Editors. Copyright © 1991 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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