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Discontent, rebellion and social change defined the 1960s in the United States, shaking the country to its core.
Unlike the optimistic 1960s, the 1970s were defined by conflict and frustration.
Martin Luther King Jr. was a minister and activist who led the U.S. civil rights movement from the 1950s until his 1968 assassination.
The Anti-saloon league was the leading organization lobbying for prohibition in the United States in the early 20th century.
American organization, founded in November 1874 in Cleveland, Ohio, in response to the “Woman's Crusade,” a series of temperance demonstrations that swept through New York and much of the Midwest in 1873–74. Annie Wittenmyer, an experienced wartime fund-raiser and administrator, was elected president at the WCTU's founding in 1874. During her five-year tenure the WCTU developed a network of more than 1,000 local affiliates and began publishing the journal Our Union. Dissension, however, arose as a segment of the WCTU led by Frances Willard called for the addition of suffrage to the group's platform enjoining abstinence from alcohol. In 1879 Wittenmyer, who opposed such a move, was replaced by Willard.
For the next two decades Willard led the temperance movement as the WCTU became one of the largest and most influential women's groups of the 19th century. She expanded the organization's platform to include such issues as labour laws and prison reform, and in 1891 she became president of the World WCTU (founded 1883). The WCTU also campaigned for women's right to vote, though its support posed problems for suffragists as the alcohol industry became a powerful opponent of the movement.
With Willard's death in 1898, the WCTU began to distance itself from feminist groups, instead focusing primarily on prohibition. Though its membership steadily declined following the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment (Prohibition) in 1919, the WCTU continued to operate through the 20th century. Opposed to the use of tobacco, alcohol, and illegal drugs, it ran a publishing house and was active in schools.
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This Day in History
On this day in 1873, San Francisco businessman Levi Strauss and Reno, Nevada, tailor Jacob Davis are given a patent to create work pants reinforced with…
Relive the epic events of the times in this sweeping collection from HISTORY.
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