After Charles I of Spain signed an edict allowing slave ships to travel directly from Africa to the Americas, human cargo on transatlantic voyages spiked nearly tenfold.
Eli Whitney saw little profit from the cotton gin, so he turned his attention and innovative skills to mass production.
In navigating lives of privation and brutality, enslaved people haggled, often daily, for liberties small and large.
Napoleon was eager to sell—but the purchase would end up expanding slavery in the U.S.
The story of the Clotilda and the people who built Africatown.
How does one share this painful chapter of America's past? An historian, and mother, describes the indelible impact of her family's visit to the National Memorial for Peace and Justice.
Why couldn't the slaves have resisted—or pulled themselves up from their bootstraps after emancipation?
From farmable land to timber and gold, the 19th-century American West has long been described as a land of opportunity. But for many, it was little more than another place of bondage.
Slavery was so profitable, it sprouted more millionaires per capita in the Mississippi River valley than anywhere in the nation.
Keeping America focused on hard truths, he believed, is necessary to a strong democracy.