Year
1965

Pope visits U.S.

Pope Paul VI arrives at Kennedy International Airport in New York City on the first visit by a reigning pope to the United States. During his packed one-day American visit–limited entirely to New York City–Pope Paul VI visited St. Patrick’s Cathedral and Cardinal Francis Spellman’s residence, met with President Lyndon Johnson at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, addressed the General Assembly of the United Nations, attended a public Mass at Yankee Stadium, visited the Vatican Exhibit at the New York World’s Fair, and then flew to Rome from Kennedy Airport. During less than 14 hours in the United States, the pope was seen in person by one million people and on television by an another 100 million.

ALSO ON THIS DAY

White House siege ends in Moscow

Ten hours into a tank assault on the Russian White House parliament building, rebel parliamentarians led by Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi and Chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov surrender to Russian President Boris Yeltsin. Yeltsin, who had barely survived an impeachment bid by the ...read more

The Battle of Germantown

Near the British-occupied city of Philadelphia, Patriot forces under General George Washington attempt an early morning attack on Sir William Howe’s British troops at Germantown. Heavy morning fog threw Washington’s divisions into disarray, and by 10 o’clock the battle was over. ...read more

Sputnik launched

The Soviet Union inaugurates the “Space Age” with its launch of Sputnik, the world’s first artificial satellite. The spacecraft, named Sputnik after the Russian word for “satellite,” was launched at 10:29 p.m. Moscow time from the Tyuratam launch base in the Kazakh Republic. ...read more

Pope calls for end to the Vietnam War

Pope Paul VI addresses 150,000 people in St. Peter’s Square in Rome and calls for an end to the war in Vietnam through negotiations. Although the Pope’s address had no impact on the Johnson administration and its policies in Southeast Asia, his comments were indicative of the ...read more

Work begins on Mount Rushmore

On this day in 1927, sculpting begins on the face of Mount Rushmore in the Black Hills National Forest of South Dakota. It would take another 12 years for the impressive granite images of four of America’s most revered and beloved presidents—George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, ...read more

Rutherford B. Hayes is born

On this day in 1822, future President Rutherford B. Hayes is born in Delaware, Ohio. As a child, Hayes attended private schools and went on to study law at Harvard University, though he was not from a wealthy family. In fact, as a young lawyer, he lived in his office for a time ...read more

Janis Joplin dies of a heroin overdose

In the summer of 1966, Janis Joplin was a drifter; four years later, she was a rock-and-roll legend. She’d gone from complete unknown to generational icon on the strength of a single, blistering performance at the Monterey International Pop Festival in the summer of 1967, and ...read more

Anne Rice is born

On this day, Anne Rice, best-selling author of the Vampire Chronicles and other novels about the occult, is born in New Orleans. Rice, one of four sisters, was christened Howard Allen O’Brien by her parents but insisted on being called Anne when she started first grade. Her ...read more

Beverly Hills, 90210 debuts

On this day in 1990, Beverly Hills, 90210, a TV drama about a group of teenagers living in upscale Beverly Hills, California, debuts on Fox; it will eventually become one of the top-rated shows on the new “fourth network,” which launched in 1986. Created by Darren Star and ...read more

Plane crashes into apartment building

A cargo plane crashes into an apartment building near an airport in Amsterdam, Holland, on this day in 1992. Four people aboard the plane and approximately 100 more in the apartment building lost their lives in the disaster. An El-Al Boeing 747 cargo jet was scheduled to bring ...read more

Jim Bakker is indicted on federal charges

Televangelist Jim Bakker is indicted on federal charges of mail and wire fraud and of conspiring to defraud the public. The case against the founder of Praise the Lord (PTL) Ministries and three of his aides exploded in the press when it was revealed that Bakker had sex with ...read more

Soviet Union launches Sputnik I

The successful launch of the unmanned satellite Sputnik I by the Soviet Union in October 1957 shocks and frightens many Americans. As the tiny satellite orbited the earth, Americans reacted with dismay that the Soviets could have gotten so far ...read more

Lincoln watches a balloon ascension

On this day in 1861, President Abraham Lincoln observes a balloon demonstration near Washington, D.C. Both Confederate and Union armies experimented with using balloons to gather military intelligence in the early stages of the war, but the balloons proved to be dangerous and ...read more