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Nanai stele depicting Nanai worshiping the Gods Osiris and Anubis, the dead deity who holds the key of life, ankh-shaped (Ankh). Limestone painted. End of the 18th dynasty. 14th century BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin, Italy (Photo by Leemage/Corbis via Getty Images)

The 6 Earliest Human Civilizations

While modern civilizations extend to every continent except Antarctica, most scholars place the earliest cradles of civilizations—in other words, where civilizations first emerged—in modern-day Iraq, Egypt, India, China, Peru and Mexico, beginning between approximately 4000 and ...read more

'The Mother of the Gracchi', c. 1780. Ancient Rome's Cornelia, mother of the Gracchi, presents her children, saying: Here are my riches and my jewels. From the Musee du Louvre, Paris.

What Role Did Women Play in Ancient Rome?

Women in ancient Rome, whether free or enslaved, played many roles: empress, priestess, goddess, shop owner, midwife, prostitute, daughter, wife and mother. But they lacked any voice in public life. They also lacked a voice in history. With few exceptions—like the words of the ...read more

Portraits taken on May 25 and 26, 2016 of survivors of the 1945 atomic bombing of Hiroshima: (top L to R) Keiko Ogura, Park Nam-Joo, Sunao Tsuboi; (bottom L to R) Shigeaki Mori, Misako Katani and Emiko Okada in Hiroshima

How Survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Organized for Nuclear Disarmament

As a survivor of history’s deadliest atomic bombing, Setsuko Thurlow has a powerful case to make against nuclear weapons. On the morning of August 6, 1945, the 13-year-old Thurlow reported to a military office in Hiroshima, along with other girls recruited to help with Japan’s ...read more