History In The Headlines

All the Presidents’ Birthdays

By Barbara Maranzani
What do you give the leader of the free world for his birthday? Well, a federal holiday is one place to start. Originally created in 1880 to honor George Washington’s February 22 birthday, the holiday we know as Presidents’ Day was expanded in the 20th century to honor all presidents. While some commanders-in-chief have been reluctant to acknowledge the occasion–Abraham Lincoln refused any parties while the nation was embroiled in the American Civil War–others have happily celebrated their birthdays with gifts from a grateful nation and parties thrown in their honor. In honor of Presidents’ Day, here’s a look at how some presidents have spent their special day.
George H.W. Bush skydiving

Former President George H.W. Bush skydives on his 80th birthday, June 12, 2004. Credit: Getty Images

Warren Harding gets the ultimate birthday gift–the White House.
When the president’s birthday rolls around, it’s not unusual for him to receive hundreds, if not thousands, of gifts. Many of these are from average citizens: Woodrow Wilson received a set of ivory portraits of his parents from his hometown of Staunton, Virginia, and Theodore Roosevelt had so many well wishes on his 50th birthday in 1908 that the White House messenger service was kept busy all day long. Some come from foreign leaders and heads of state; rancher George W. Bush received belt buckles from the Prime Minister of Canada. But perhaps no president has gotten a birthday gift quite as precious as Warren G. Harding. The 1920 presidential campaign had been contentious, as America dealt with the aftermath of World War I and the collapse of the post-war economy. Running as the Republican nominee, Senator Harding of Ohio had promised a return to “normalcy”–a phrase he actually invented–to soothe the country’s rattled nerves. On November 2, Election Day, Harding went out for a round of golf, then went home to celebrate his 55th birthday with friends. Later that day, he received the news that he had won the presidency with a landslide victory, becoming the only person to achieve this feat on their birthday.

Franklin Roosevelt throws himself thousands of birthday parties, all for a good cause.

FDR Birthday Ball invitation

Program for a 1936 "Birthday Ball."

When Franklin Delano Roosevelt was partially paralyzed by polio in 1921, he dedicated himself to finding a cure for the disease. After years of unsuccessful therapy, Roosevelt visited the small town of Warm Springs, Georgia, which had garnered a reputation for the healing benefits of its mineral water treatments. FDR became so enamored of the spa and the people he found at Warm Springs that he invested much of his personal fortune to buy it, with the intent of turning it into the world’s premier rehabilitation center. When he entered the White House, FDR brought his fight against infant paralysis to the national level. In 1934, when Roosevelt was approached with the idea of using his birthday as a fundraiser for Warm Springs, he instantly agreed. The idea became known as the “birthday ball.” Communities big and small scheduled dances for January 30, the president’s birthday. The tagline for the events? “Dance so that others may walk.” That first year, more than 600 dances were held around the country, the most glamorous of which was held at New York’s Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. At the star-studded event, where the president’s mother, Sara Delano Roosevelt, was the guest of honor, 52 young girls carrying elongated electric lights and wearing birthday cake-shaped hats gathered in the hotel’s ballroom in the formation of a massive cake. In unison, they turned on their “candles” and wished the president a hearty 52nd birthday. FDR’s birthday balls would continue throughout his presidency, raising millions of dollars for the March of Dimes, local communities and Roosevelt’s beloved Warm Springs treatment center, where he died in 1945.

Harry Truman welcomes the first White House bowling alley–and the end of World War II in Europe.

Harry Truman Bowling

President Truman at the White House bowling alley.

The White House Situation Room is often the scene of tense moments and serious presidential decisions. But during Harry Truman’s time in office, the space was put to far more enjoyable use: It was the site of the first presidential bowling alley, a 1947 birthday gift from supporters in Truman’s home state of Missouri. Though the president hadn’t bowled in more than 30 years, he gamely gave it a try–knocking down seven pins on his first attempt. He used the bowling alley infrequently after that, but his staff enjoyed the presidential perk and formed a White House league. The bowling alley itself was moved to the Old Executive Building next door in 1955. Almost 15 years later, President Richard Nixon and his wife, Pat, both avid players, had a new one installed in the building’s basement.

Two years before he received the bowling alley, however, President Truman was given a far less traditional, but much more meaningful present. On May 8, 1945, less than four weeks after he had assumed the presidency following the death of Franklin Roosevelt, Truman received word of the unconditional surrender of German forces, ending World War II combat in Europe. This day, which we know as V-E Day, set off celebrations around the globe. A somber–but relieved–Truman addressed a joyous nation and then quietly celebrated his 61st birthday with his aides and family.

Lyndon Johnson gives himself a birthday party on the national stage.
Outgoing, gregarious and sporting a Texas-sized personality, it’s perhaps not surprising that Lyndon B. Johnson enjoyed being the center of attention on his birthday. Many presidents have attended parties and fundraisers celebrating their big day, most notably John F. Kennedy in May 1962, but few have been audacious enough to give themselves the birthday gift Johnson did in 1964. Eager to escape the shadow of his slain predecessor, Johnson decided to use that year’s Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey, to secure his place as the head of his party–and what better day to do it than on his 56th birthday, August 27. Johnson convinced organizers to schedule the convention’s final day–when he would accept his party’s nomination—for that day. Following his acceptance speech, the usual convention trappings of cheers and balloons gave way to a pre-arranged sing-a-long, as the delegates serenaded the birthday-boy-in-chief with a chorus of “Happy Birthday”—complete with a fireworks display.

George H.W. Bush jumps out of a plane–repeatedly.
George H.W. Bush’s first jump from a plane was certainly not anything he had planned. As a 20-year-old naval pilot during World War II, Bush was forced to parachute to safety after his plane was hit during a September 1944 mission in the South Pacific. Bush was the sole survivor of the plane’s crew, and credited the experience with changing his life, giving him a sense of purpose and a desire to experience all life had to offer him. An avid sportsman, Bush remained in excellent physical condition both during and after his presidency, and decided to put his good health to good use. After leaving office in 1993, Bush found an unusual way to celebrate milestone birthdays–by jumping out of a plane. He spent his 75th, 80th and 85th birthdays performing tandem skydives from more than 10,000 feet. The latest one was June 12, 2009, and he has expressed the desire for another go-round on his 90th birthday. Perhaps we can all take some advice from the 41st president who commented after the jump, “Get out and do something. Get out and enjoy life.”

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Categories: Franklin D. Roosevelt, George H.W. Bush, George Washington, Harry Truman, Lyndon B. Johnson, U.S. Presidents, Warren G. Harding, White House