January 18

This Day in History

Civil War

Jan 18, 1862:

Former U.S. president and Confederate congressman-elect John Tyler dies

On this day in 1862, former U.S. President and Confederate congressman-elect John Tyler dies at age 71 in Richmond, Virginia.

Tyler, who was born in Virginia in 1790, served as a U.S. congressman and as governor of his home state before winning election to the U.S. Senate. state during the 1830s, when many of the sectional issues were emerging in national politics. A Whig, Tyler became the 10th U.S. vice president in March 1841. Within a month of his inauguration, President William Henry Harrison died in office and Tyler vaulted into the executive chair. The major achievement of his administration was the addition of Texas to the Union in 1845.

After his presidency ended in 1845, Tyler retired to his plantation, Sherwood Forest, in Virginia. His fellow Virginians called on the 70-year-old to head a Peace Convention in the winter of 1860-1861. This body tried to negotiate a compromise with the Republicans in the North to prevent a civil war. The attempt failed, as the Republicans were not willing to entertain any proposals that would protect slavery in the Western territories. Tyler was a delegate to the subsequent Secession Convention and later became a member of the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America. He felt that victory was impossible for the Confederates but nonetheless suggested that Confederate cavalry be dispatched to capture Washington, D.C., before the Union military was in place.

Tyler was elected to the permanent Congress of the Confederate States of America but died before he could take his seat. He was survived by his second wife, Julia, and 11 of his 15 children. Tyler was buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.

Fact Check We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!

This Week in History, Jan 18 - Jan 24

Jan 18, 1862
John Tyler dies
Jan 19, 1807
Robert E. Lee born
Jan 19, 1862
Battle of Logan's Crossroads
Jan 20, 1863
Mud March begins
Jan 21, 1863
First Battle of Sabine Pass
Jan 22, 1927
John McCausland dies
Jan 23, 1865
Hood removed from command
Jan 24, 1865
Confederate Congress to resume prisoner exchanges

What Happened on Your Birthday?

Pick a Date

Shop HISTORY