Alexander Hamilton Stephens (1812-1883) served as vice president of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War (1861-65). A career politician, he served in both houses of the Georgia legislature before winning a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1843. At the outset of the Civil War Stephens was elected to the Confederate Congress and chosen as the vice president of the Confederate States of America. He then famously gave the “Cornerstone Speech,” in which he announced that the new government was founded on the idea that blacks were inferior to whites. Outwardly critical of President Jefferson Davis throughout his tenure in the Confederate high command, Stephens was arrested and imprisoned after the war’s end. He was reelected to Congress in 1873 and served as governor of Georgia starting in 1882. He died in office in 1883 at the age of 71.