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James Thurber is born, 1894
On this day in 1894, humorist James Thurber is born in Columbus, Ohio.When Thurber was about 7, he lost an eye in an accident while playing with his…
Spanning the 1920s to the mid-1930s, this literary, artistic and intellectual movement kindled a new black cultural identity.
(born Jan. 26, 1944, Birmingham, Ala., U.S.) militant American black activist who gained an international reputation during her imprisonment and trial on conspiracy charges in 1970–72.
Growing mainly from his research on peanuts, his rise to fame created myths and obscured much of the true nature of his work.
The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) played a pivotal role in the early years of the American Civil Rights Movement.
Civil rights activist. Born on April 27, 1927 in Marion, Alabama. Although best known as the wife of 1960s civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., Coretta Scott King established a distinguished career in activism in her own right. Working side-by-side with her husband throughout the 1950s and 1960s, King took part in the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 and worked to pass the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Her memoir, My Life with Martin Luther King, Jr., was published n 1969.
Following her husband's assassination in 1968, she continued their work, founding the Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change in Atlanta, GA. She served as the center's president and chief executive officer from its inception.
In 1980, a 23 acre site around King's birthplace was designated for use by the King Center. The following year, a museum complex was dedicated on the site.
King also was behind the fifteen-year fight to have her husband's birthday instituted as a national holiday — President Ronald Reagan finally signed the bill in 1983.
In 1995, King passed the reins of the King Center over to her son, Dexter, but she remains in the public eye. She wrote regular articles on social issues and published a syndicated column. She had been a regular commentator on CNN since 1980. In 1997, she called for a retrial for her husband's alleged assassin, James Earl Ray. Ray died in prison before the trial could be effected.
Coretta and Martin Luther King, Jr. had four children: Martin Luther King III, who now serves as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); Yolanda, an actress; Bernice, a lawyer and Baptist minister; and Dexter; who runs the King Library and Archive. King suffered a heart attack and stroke in August 2005; she died on January 30, 2006.
Biography courtesy of BIO.com
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Classroom Study Guides
Teacher's guide to Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech, delivered at the March on Washington on August 28, 1963.
Teacher's guide to the thousands of stories from individuals who lived during the civil rights era for the 1940s - 1960s.