The young Alexander Liholiho, a grandson of Kamehameha the Great, was educated by American missionaries and toured the West before he took the Hawaiian throne as Kamehameha IV (1834-1863) in 1855. As king, he sought to reduce the influence of the United States in Hawaii and build a stronger relationship with Great Britain. He was an extremely popular ruler and won great public support in 1860 with the construction of Queens Medical Center, where all Hawaiians could receive free medical care. Tragedy struck in 1862, when the king’s only son died suddenly. After withdrawing from public life, Kamehameha IV died in 1863, at the age of 29.