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Lucretia Garfield (1832-1918) was an American first lady (March 4–September 19, 1881), and the wife of James A. Garfield, 20th president of the United States. Although she served as first lady for only a few months because of her husband’s assassination, she was independent-minded, well-educated and a talented speaker, and her approach toward her role as first lady presaged that of her 20th-century counterparts.